“On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace - the Nobel Prizes.” “In this excerpt of the will, Alfred Nobel dictates that his entire remaining estate should be used to endow ‘prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind.’” (Nobel Foundation site: www.nobelprize.org)
Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize
“The prize is to honor scientists whose mathematical research has had an impact outside mathematics – either in technology, in business, or simply in people's everyday lives.” (International Mathematical Union site: www.mathunion.org)
“Since 1978, five or six prizes have been awarded annually in the Sciences. Prize fields comprise: AGRICULTURE, CHEMISTRY, MATHEMATICS, MEDICINE and PHYSICS. In the Arts, the prize rotates annually among ARCHITECTURE, MUSIC, PAINTING and SCULPTURE.” (Wolf Foundation site: www.wolffund.org.il)
“The Fields Medal is awarded every four years on the occasion of the International Congress of Mathematicians to recognize outstanding mathematical achievement for existing work and for the promise of future achievement.” (International Mathematical Union site: www.mathunion.org)
Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award
“The Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award honors scientists whose fundamental investigations have provided techniques, information, or concepts contributing to the elimination of major causes of disability and death.” (The Lasker Foundation site: www.laskerfoundation.org)
“The Prize is presented annually in each of the following three categories: Advanced Technology, Basic Sciences, and Arts and Philosophy.” “Selection is made without regard to nationality, race, sex, age, or religion.” (Inamori Foundation site: www.inamori-f.or.jp/index_e.html)
“The Japan Prize is awarded annually to scientists and engineers from around the world who have made significant contributions to the advancement of science and technology, thereby furthering the cause of peace and prosperity of mankind. Each year two fields of scientific endeavor are honored.” (The Japan Prize Foundation site: www.japanprize.jp/en/)
“The Honda Prize is an inter-national award that acknowledges the efforts of an individual or group who contribute new ideas which may lead the next generation in the field of ecotechnology. The Honda Foundation has given one award every year for a variety of research results.” (Honda Foundation site: www.hondafoundation.jp/en/)
Frederic Stanley Kipping Award
This award recognizes distinguished contributions to the field of silicon chemistry.
The Henri Poincare Prize
This prize was created in 1997 to recognize outstanding contributions in mathematical physics.
Booker Gold Medal
This medal is awarded for outstanding contributions to telecommunications or a related discipline.
Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award
This award recognizes and encourages excellence in organic chemistry.
George W. Morey Award
This award recognizes individuals for excellent publications in the field of glass science and technology.
Macro Group UK Medal for Outstanding Achievement in Polymer Science
This medal is awarded internationally for outstanding achievements in the field of polymer science.
Frank Nelson Cole Prize in Algebra
This prize is awarded triennially for a notable paper on algebra published in the preceding six years.
Moet-Hennessy Louis-Vuitton International Prize
This annual award was created in 1987 to bring together the professions of science, art and industry.
John Dawson Prize
This award, in memory of John Dawson, is given to groups and individuals for pioneering advances in plasma physics obtained through simulations.
Delbert Ray Fulkerson Prize
This prize is awarded for outstanding papers on discrete mathematics.
Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics
This international prize is awarded for exceptional published contributions to the field of mathematical physics.
Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates
The most influential researchers of chemistry, physics, physiology, medicine, and economics are annually honored as citation laureates.
This annual prize, in memory of Raphael Salem, is awarded to outstanding young researchers in the field of analysis.
Leonard Eisenbud Prize
This prize honors work which brings mathematics and physics closer, such as a novel development of a mathematical physical theory or a mathmatical contribution inspired by modern developments in physics.
Die Plakette wird für die Erforschung, Behandlung und Bekämpfung von Haut- oder Schleimhautinfektionen und vor allem von Geschlechtskrankheiten verliehen.
Keio Medical Science Prize
This prize recognizes creative and outstanding achievements of medicine and life science researchers who contribute to scientific developments in medicine.
AAPS Research Achievement Award in Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery
This award is to honor scientists and graduate students for valuable contributions to the pharmaceutical sciences.
University College Dublin Ulysses Medal
This medal is the highest honor the university can bestow for an individual's outstanding global contribution.
Ross Harrison Prize
This prestigious quadrennial prize was established in 1981 to recognize significant advancements in the field of developmental biology.
This annual award, with prize money of 100,000 euros, is one of Germany's most prestigious scientific commendations and recognizes internationally outstanding scientific achievements.
Emil von Behring-Preis
Der Preis wird für Verdienste in der Medizin, Veterinärmedizin und Naturwissenschaft, vor allem zur Immunbiologie oder Seuchenbekämpfung verliehen.
Canada Gairdner International Award
This award is supported by the Canadian Government and recognizes the world's best biomedical researchers.
Order of Culture, Japan
“This order is awarded to individuals who have made outstanding contributions in developing the Japanese culture.” “Established in 1937, this medal features the five petals of a mandarin orange blossom with three magadama (comet-shaped stones) swirled in the center. The attachment features a mandarin orange and leaf.h gthe mandarin orange tree is used in the Order of Culture because this symbolism connects deeply with the timelessness of culture.” (Cabinet Office, Government of Japan site: www.ca o.go.jp/index-e.html)
Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy
“The Imperial and Japan Academy Prizes are awarded to persons who have achieved notable research landmarks or who have authored particularly outstanding academic papers or books. Conferring these prizes on such persons is one of the Academy's most important functions. For them, an award ceremony has been held every year since 1911, with 2013 marking the 103rd such ceremony. Since 1949, the ceremony has been graced by the presence of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan. Then from 1990, both the Emperor and Empress have attended.” (The Japan Academy site: www.japan-acad.go.jp)